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PMID- 28894707
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Data-Review
DA  - 20170912
LR  - 20170914
IS  - 2251-6085 (Print)
IS  - 2251-6085 (Linking)
VI  - 46
IP  - 8
DP  - 2017 Aug
TI  - Health Literacy among Visitors of District Polyclinics in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
PG  - 1062-1070
AB  - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate health literacy levels of patients in
      Almaty City, Kazakhstan and to identify socio-demographics and socio-economic
      factors related to their health literacy. METHODS: An international survey
      instrument HLS-EU-Q developed by the European Health Literacy Consortium was used
      in a cross-sectional study with 1000 citizens in the Almaty City at the age of 18
      and over who visited the out-patient departments in the polyclinics between Feb
      and Oct 2014. RESULTS: There were 552 women and 446 men completed the survey,
      with mean ages as (41.8 +/- 13.9) and (44.7 +/- 15.2) yr old respectively, and
      women were significantly younger than men (P<0.001). Their general health
      literacy was (34.0 +/- 8.6) for men and (33.49 +/- 9.4) for women, without
      significant difference. In them, 15.5% or 30.0% were with inadequate or
      problematic health literacy. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that 
      higher general health literacy was positively and significantly associated with
      high self-assessed social status (B=3.86, P<0.001), ability to pay for
      medications (B=3.42, P<0.001), low frequency of watching health related TV
      programs (B=2.37, P<0.001), moderate community involvement (B=2.23, P=0.03).
      CONCLUSION: Specific demographic and socio-economic determinants related to
      health literacy were identified the first time in Kazakhstan. This would
      facilitate programs to improve health outcomes in Kazakhstan.
FAU - Kayupova, Gaukhar
AU  - Kayupova G
AD  - Dept. of Healthcare Policy and Management, SD Asfendiyarov Kazakh National
      Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
FAU - Turdaliyeva, Botagoz
AU  - Turdaliyeva B
AD  - Dept. of Healthcare Policy and Management, SD Asfendiyarov Kazakh National
      Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
FAU - Tulebayev, Kazbek
AU  - Tulebayev K
AD  - Dept. of Healthcare Policy and Management, SD Asfendiyarov Kazakh National
      Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
FAU - Van Duong, Tuyen
AU  - Van Duong T
AD  - School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
FAU - Chang, Peter Wushou
AU  - Chang PW
AD  - School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
AD  - National Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, Taiwan.
FAU - Zagulova, Diana
AU  - Zagulova D
AD  - Baltic International Academy, Riga, Latvia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Iran
TA  - Iran J Public Health
JT  - Iranian journal of public health
JID - 7505531
PMC - PMC5575385
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Determinants of health literacy
OT  - Health behavior
OT  - Health literacy
OT  - Kazakhstan
COI - Conflict of interest The author(s) declare no potential conflicts of interest
      with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article
EDAT- 2017/09/13 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/09/13 06:00
PST - ppublish
SO  - Iran J Public Health. 2017 Aug;46(8):1062-1070.