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Using Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance as a Platform for Vaccine-Preventable Disease Surveillance.

Abstract Surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a fundamental cornerstone of the global polio eradication initiative (GPEI). Active surveillance (with visits to health facilities) is a critical strategy of AFP surveillance systems for highly sensitive and timely detection of cases. Because of the extensive resources devoted to AFP surveillance, multiple opportunities exist for additional diseases to be added using GPEI assets, particularly because there is generally 1 district officer responsible for all disease surveillance. For this reason, integrated surveillance has become a standard practice in many countries, ranging from adding surveillance for measles and rubella to integrated disease surveillance for outbreak-prone diseases (integrated disease surveillance and response). This report outlines the current level of disease surveillance integration in 3 countries (Nepal, India, and Nigeria) and proposes that resources continue for long-term maintenance in resource-poor countries of AFP surveillance as a platform for surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases and other outbreak-prone diseases.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

AFP surveillance

integrated disease surveillance

polio transition planning

poliovirus

vaccine preventable disease surveillance

Journal Title the journal of infectious diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28838175
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170825
DCOM- 20170905
LR  - 20170906
IS  - 1537-6613 (Electronic)
IS  - 0022-1899 (Linking)
VI  - 216
IP  - suppl_1
DP  - 2017 Jul 01
TI  - Using Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance as a Platform for Vaccine-Preventable 
      Disease Surveillance.
PG  - S293-S298
LID - 10.1093/infdis/jiw593 [doi]
AB  - Surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a fundamental cornerstone of
      the global polio eradication initiative (GPEI). Active surveillance (with visits 
      to health facilities) is a critical strategy of AFP surveillance systems for
      highly sensitive and timely detection of cases. Because of the extensive
      resources devoted to AFP surveillance, multiple opportunities exist for
      additional diseases to be added using GPEI assets, particularly because there is 
      generally 1 district officer responsible for all disease surveillance. For this
      reason, integrated surveillance has become a standard practice in many countries,
      ranging from adding surveillance for measles and rubella to integrated disease
      surveillance for outbreak-prone diseases (integrated disease surveillance and
      response). This report outlines the current level of disease surveillance
      integration in 3 countries (Nepal, India, and Nigeria) and proposes that
      resources continue for long-term maintenance in resource-poor countries of AFP
      surveillance as a platform for surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases and
      other outbreak-prone diseases.
CI  - (c) The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious
      Diseases Society of America.
FAU - Wassilak, Steven G F
AU  - Wassilak SGF
AD  - Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Williams, Cheryl L
AU  - Williams CL
AD  - Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Murrill, Christopher S
AU  - Murrill CS
AD  - Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Dahl, Benjamin A
AU  - Dahl BA
AD  - Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Ohuabunwo, Chima
AU  - Ohuabunwo C
AD  - Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
FAU - Tangermann, Rudolf H
AU  - Tangermann RH
AD  - Polio Eradication Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - J Infect Dis
JT  - The Journal of infectious diseases
JID - 0413675
RN  - 0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral)
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Disease Outbreaks/*prevention & control
MH  - Humans
MH  - India
MH  - Nepal
MH  - Nigeria
MH  - Paralysis/*diagnosis/epidemiology/physiopathology/virology
MH  - Poliomyelitis/*diagnosis/epidemiology/physiopathology/*prevention & control
MH  - Poliovirus
MH  - Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral
MH  - Public Health Surveillance/*methods
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - AFP surveillance
OT  - integrated disease surveillance
OT  - polio transition planning
OT  - poliovirus
OT  - vaccine preventable disease surveillance
EDAT- 2017/08/26 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/07 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/26 06:00
AID - 3935052 [pii]
AID - 10.1093/infdis/jiw593 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Infect Dis. 2017 Jul 1;216(suppl_1):S293-S298. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiw593.