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Literature review on human influenza epidemics occurred before the implementation plan for sentinel surveillance program in the DRC.

Abstract In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), several influenza epidemics are ignored because they are confused with other infectious diseases which have similar symptoms. Our study aims to assess influenza epidemics occurred in the DRC before 2008, year of the implementation of the influenza surveillance program in the DRC. We searched all the documents [articles, report,…] about influenza epidemic or acute respiratory infections [ARI] in the DRC before 2008 by using chosen key words. Epidemic description elements were identified and analyzed in each report. 4 documents have been found that had no article published. The sites of the epidemic outbreak were the rural health zones in Koshibanda and Kahemba, Bandundu [1995 and 2007], in Bosobolo, Equator [2002] and in Kinshasa [2002-2003]. Attack and lethality rates were 3.9% and 16% in Koshibanda respectively; 0.1% and 2% in Kinshasa; 47.5% and 1.5% in Bosobolo and 14.6% and 2.9% in Kahemba. Children less than 5 years of age were the most affected. Their attack rates ranged between 22.6 and 57.7% and lethality rates ranged between 3.2 and 3.7%. The two epidemics in Bosobolo and Kinshasa were associated with H3N2 influenza virus. This literature review highlights a high morbidity and mortality due to rare influenza epidemics in the DRC.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Disease Outbreaks

Sentinel Surveillance

Keywords

DRC

Epidemic

human influenza

monitoring

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28761611
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170801
DCOM- 20170822
LR  - 20170822
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 27
DP  - 2017
TI  - [Literature review on human influenza epidemics occurred before the
      implementation plan for sentinel surveillance program in the DRC].
PG  - 35
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.35.10197 [doi]
AB  - In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), several influenza epidemics are
      ignored because they are confused with other infectious diseases which have
      similar symptoms. Our study aims to assess influenza epidemics occurred in the
      DRC before 2008, year of the implementation of the influenza surveillance program
      in the DRC. We searched all the documents [articles, report,...] about influenza 
      epidemic or acute respiratory infections [ARI] in the DRC before 2008 by using
      chosen key words. Epidemic description elements were identified and analyzed in
      each report. 4 documents have been found that had no article published. The sites
      of the epidemic outbreak were the rural health zones in Koshibanda and Kahemba,
      Bandundu [1995 and 2007], in Bosobolo, Equator [2002] and in Kinshasa
      [2002-2003]. Attack and lethality rates were 3.9% and 16% in Koshibanda
      respectively; 0.1% and 2% in Kinshasa; 47.5% and 1.5% in Bosobolo and 14.6% and
      2.9% in Kahemba. Children less than 5 years of age were the most affected. Their 
      attack rates ranged between 22.6 and 57.7% and lethality rates ranged between 3.2
      and 3.7%. The two epidemics in Bosobolo and Kinshasa were associated with H3N2
      influenza virus. This literature review highlights a high morbidity and mortality
      due to rare influenza epidemics in the DRC.
FAU - Nkwembe-Ngabana, Edith
AU  - Nkwembe-Ngabana E
AD  - Institut National de Recherches Biomedicales, Kinshasa, Republique Democratique
      du Congo.
AD  - Service de Microbiologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, Faculte de
      Medecine, Universite de Kinshasa, Republique Democratique du Congo.
FAU - Ahuka-Mundeke, Steve
AU  - Ahuka-Mundeke S
AD  - Institut National de Recherches Biomedicales, Kinshasa, Republique Democratique
      du Congo.
AD  - Service de Microbiologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, Faculte de
      Medecine, Universite de Kinshasa, Republique Democratique du Congo.
FAU - Kebela-Ilunga, Benoit
AU  - Kebela-Ilunga B
AD  - Direction de la Lutte contre la Maladie, Ministere de la Sante de la Republique
      Democratique du Congo.
FAU - Londa, Emile Okitolo
AU  - Londa EO
AD  - Ecole de Sante Publique de l'UNIKIN, Republique Democratique du Congo.
FAU - Muyembe-Tamfum, Jean-Jacques
AU  - Muyembe-Tamfum JJ
AD  - Institut National de Recherches Biomedicales, Kinshasa, Republique Democratique
      du Congo.
AD  - Service de Microbiologie, Cliniques Universitaires de Kinshasa, Faculte de
      Medecine, Universite de Kinshasa, Republique Democratique du Congo.
LA  - fre
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
TT  - Revue d'epidemies de grippe humaine avant la mise en place de la surveillance
      sentinelle en Republique Democratique du Congo.
DEP - 20170511
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Age Distribution
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Democratic Republic of the Congo/epidemiology
MH  - *Disease Outbreaks
MH  - Epidemics
MH  - Humans
MH  - Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype/isolation & purification
MH  - Influenza, Human/*epidemiology
MH  - *Sentinel Surveillance
PMC - PMC5516650
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - DRC
OT  - Epidemic
OT  - human influenza
OT  - monitoring
EDAT- 2017/08/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/02 06:00
PHST- 2016/06/29 [received]
PHST- 2017/03/29 [accepted]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.35.10197 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-27-35 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 May 11;27:35. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.35.10197.
      eCollection 2017.