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Gender differences in walking (for leisure, transport and in total) across adult life: a systematic review.

Abstract The aim of this systematic review was to examine gender differences in walking for leisure, transport and in total in adults living in high-income countries, and to assess whether gender differences in walking practices change across the life-course.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Attitude to Health

Health Behavior

Keywords

Aging

Gender

Leisure

Men

Transport

Travel

Walking

Women

Journal Title bmc public health
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28427376
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170421
DCOM- 20170911
LR  - 20170911
IS  - 1471-2458 (Electronic)
IS  - 1471-2458 (Linking)
VI  - 17
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Apr 20
TI  - Gender differences in walking (for leisure, transport and in total) across adult 
      life: a systematic review.
PG  - 341
LID - 10.1186/s12889-017-4253-4 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to examine gender differences
      in walking for leisure, transport and in total in adults living in high-income
      countries, and to assess whether gender differences in walking practices change
      across the life-course. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted of 
      publications dated 1995 to 2015. Papers providing quantitative data on
      participation in walking of both men and women aged at least 18 years in a
      high-income country were screened for the quality of the data on gender
      differences in walking. Data were extracted and results were synthesised using
      forest plots and narrative summary. RESULTS: Thirty-six studies were included in 
      the review: 18 reported on walking for leisure, 16 on walking for transport (in
      total, or for particular purposes), and 14 on total walking. Most (33) studies
      provided data comparing the proportion of men and women who walked (at all or for
      a minimum duration) over a defined period, usually one week. There was consistent
      evidence that more women than men walk for leisure, although effect sizes were
      small. However, this effect varies by age: more younger women than younger men
      walk for leisure, but the gender difference diminishes with age and appears to
      reverse in the oldest age groups. Taking all ages together, there was no
      consistent gender difference in walking for transport or in total walking,
      although the small number of studies reporting on walking to undertake errands
      suggested that more women than men walk for this purpose. CONCLUSIONS: While
      there is little evidence that levels of total walking consistently vary by
      gender, our findings suggest that there are consistent gender differences in
      participation in walking for some purposes, including for leisure, and that there
      are gender differences in the impact of age on walking. We conclude that more
      research is needed to improve our understanding of how walking fits into the
      lives of women and men across the life-course, especially in relation to gender
      differences in the impact of aging on walking. PROSPERO REGISTRATION: PROSPERO
      registration number: CRD42015025961 .
FAU - Pollard, Tessa M
AU  - Pollard TM
AD  - Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Dawson Building, South Road,
      Durham, DH1 3LE, UK. [email protected]
FAU - Wagnild, Janelle M
AU  - Wagnild JM
AD  - Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Dawson Building, South Road,
      Durham, DH1 3LE, UK.
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170420
PL  - England
TA  - BMC Public Health
JT  - BMC public health
JID - 100968562
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - *Attitude to Health
MH  - Exercise/*psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Behavior
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Sex Factors
MH  - Travel/*psychology
MH  - Walking/*psychology/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5397769
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Aging
OT  - Gender
OT  - Leisure
OT  - Men
OT  - Transport
OT  - Travel
OT  - Walking
OT  - Women
EDAT- 2017/04/22 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/22 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/11 [received]
PHST- 2017/04/08 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s12889-017-4253-4 [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s12889-017-4253-4 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - BMC Public Health. 2017 Apr 20;17(1):341. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4253-4.