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Knowledge and use of prevention measures for chikungunya virus among visitors - Virgin Islands National Park, 2015.

Abstract In June 2014, the mosquito-borne chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), a location where tourists comprise the majority of the population during peak season (January-April). Limited information is available concerning visitors' CHIKV awareness and prevention measures.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Chikungunya virus

Health knowledge, attitudes, practice

Preventive measures

Travel

United States Virgin Islands

Journal Title travel medicine and infectious disease
Publication Year Start




PMID- 27597388
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Data-Review
DA  - 20160921
LR  - 20161027
IS  - 1873-0442 (Electronic)
IS  - 1477-8939 (Linking)
VI  - 14
IP  - 5
DP  - 2016 Sep - Oct
TI  - Knowledge and use of prevention measures for chikungunya virus among visitors -
      Virgin Islands National Park, 2015.
PG  - 475-480
LID - S1477-8939(16)30118-1 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.08.011 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: In June 2014, the mosquito-borne chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in
      the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), a location where tourists comprise the majority
      of the population during peak season (January-April). Limited information is
      available concerning visitors' CHIKV awareness and prevention measures. METHODS: 
      We surveyed a convenience sample of Virgin Islands National Park visitors aged
      >/=18 years. Respondents completed a questionnaire assessing CHIKV knowledge,
      attitudes, and practices; health information-seeking practices; and demographics.
      RESULTS: Of 783 persons contacted, 443 (57%) completed the survey. Fewer than
      half (208/441 [47%]) were aware of CHIKV. During trip preparation, 28% of
      respondents (126/443) investigated USVI-specific health concerns. Compared with
      persons unaware of CHIKV, CHIKV-aware persons were more likely to apply insect
      repellent (134/207 [65%] versus 111/231 [48%]; p < 0.001), wear long-sleeves and 
      long pants (84/203 [41%] versus 57/227 [25%]; p < 0.001), and wear insect
      repellent-treated clothing (36/204 [18%] versus 22/227 [10%]; p = 0.02).
      CONCLUSIONS: The majority of visitors surveyed did not research
      destination-related health concerns and were unaware of CHIKV. However, CHIKV
      awareness was associated with using multiple prevention measures to reduce
      disease risk. These findings underscore the importance of providing tourists with
      disease education upon destination arrival.
CI  - Published by Elsevier Ltd.
FAU - Cherry, Cara C
AU  - Cherry CC
AD  - Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Scientific Education and Professional 
      Development, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services,
      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA,
      USA; Office of Public Health and Wildlife Health Branch, Biological Resources
      Division, National Park Service, 1201 Oakridge Drive, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
      Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Beer, Karlyn D
AU  - Beer KD
AD  - Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Scientific Education and Professional 
      Development, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services,
      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA,
      USA; Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National
      Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control
      and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA.
FAU - Fulton, Corey
AU  - Fulton C
AD  - Epidemiology Elective Program, Division of Scientific Education and Professional 
      Development, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services,
      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA,
      USA; Arboviral Diseases Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for
      Disease Control and Prevention, 3156 Rampart Rd, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
FAU - Wong, David
AU  - Wong D
AD  - Office of Public Health, National Park Service, 4030 Mackland Ave NE,
      Albuquerque, NM, USA.
FAU - Buttke, Danielle
AU  - Buttke D
AD  - Office of Public Health and Wildlife Health Branch, Biological Resources
      Division, National Park Service, 1201 Oakridge Drive, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
FAU - Staples, J Erin
AU  - Staples JE
AD  - Arboviral Diseases Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, 3156 Rampart Rd, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
FAU - Ellis, Esther M
AU  - Ellis EM
AD  - Virgin Islands Department of Health, 3500 Estate Richmond Christiansted, U.S.
      Virgin Islands.
LA  - ENG
GR  - CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
PT  - JOURNAL ARTICLE
DEP - 20160903
PL  - Netherlands
TA  - Travel Med Infect Dis
JT  - Travel medicine and infectious disease
JID - 101230758
PMC - PMC5079757
MID - HHSPA824402
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Chikungunya virus
OT  - Health knowledge, attitudes, practice
OT  - Preventive measures
OT  - Travel
OT  - United States Virgin Islands
EDAT- 2016/10/25 06:00
MHDA- 2016/10/25 06:00
CRDT- 2016/10/25 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/14 [received]
PHST- 2016/08/30 [accepted]
AID - S1477-8939(16)30118-1 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.08.011 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Travel Med Infect Dis. 2016 Sep - Oct;14(5):475-480. doi:
      10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.08.011. Epub 2016 Sep 3.

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