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%A Shokoohi, Hamid; Boniface, Keith; Kaviany, Parisa; Armstrong, Paige; Calabrese, Kathleen; Pourmand, Ali
%T An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.
%J Journal of surgical education, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 208-214
%D 03/2016
%V 73
%N 2
%M eng
%B To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination.
%P 208
%L 214
%Y 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007
%W PHY
%G AUTHOR
%R 2016.......73..208S

@Article{Shokoohi2016,
author="Shokoohi, Hamid
and Boniface, Keith
and Kaviany, Parisa
and Armstrong, Paige
and Calabrese, Kathleen
and Pourmand, Ali",
title="An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.",
journal="Journal of surgical education",
year="2016",
month="Mar/Apr",
volume="73",
number="2",
pages="208--214",
abstract="To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination.",
issn="1878-7452",
doi="10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007",
url="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26868311",
language="eng"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.
%A Shokoohi, Hamid
%A Boniface, Keith
%A Kaviany, Parisa
%A Armstrong, Paige
%A Calabrese, Kathleen
%A Pourmand, Ali
%J Journal of surgical education
%D 2016
%8 Mar/Apr
%V 73
%N 2
%@ 1878-7452
%G eng
%F Shokoohi2016
%X To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination.
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007
%U http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26868311
%P 208-214

PT Journal
AU Shokoohi, H
   Boniface, K
   Kaviany, P
   Armstrong, P
   Calabrese, K
   Pourmand, A
TI An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.
SO Journal of surgical education
JI J Surg Educ
PD Mar/Apr
PY 2016
BP 208
EP 214
VL 73
IS 2
DI 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007
LA eng
AB To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination.
ER

PMID- 26868311
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20160212
IS  - 1878-7452 (Electronic)
IS  - 1878-7452 (Linking)
VI  - 73
IP  - 2
DP  - 2016 Mar-Apr
TI  - An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by
      Preclinical Medical Students.
PG  - 208-14
LID - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007 [doi]
LID - S1931-7204(15)00272-X [pii]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound
      training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused
      Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination. METHODS: The study was 
      conducted in 2 phases. In phase 1, first- and second-year medical students
      participated in a 45-minute didactic presentation and subsequent 1-hour hands-on 
      practice followed by 3-5 precepted FAST examinations in the emergency department.
      A pretest or posttest design was used to examine the participants' knowledge
      interpreting ultrasound images of the FAST examination. In phase 2, students
      performed FAST scans on patients with abdominal complaints under the supervision 
      of emergency ultrasound faculty over a 1-year period. The participants were
      scored based on window acquisition, quality of images, accuracy of FAST scan
      interpretation, confidence level rated by participant, and supervising attending 
      physician. RESULTS: In phase 1, 68 novice medical students participated in 11
      training sessions offered over a 1-year period. Students showed significant
      improvement in basic ultrasound and abdominal anatomy knowledge. The mean score
      improved from a pretest score of 5.8 of 10 (95% CI: 5.3-6.2) to a posttest score 
      of 7.3 of 10 (95% CI: 7-7.6). The students also demonstrated a significant
      improvement in FAST image interpretation (pretest of 6.2 [95% CI: 5.9-6.6] and
      posttest of 7.6 [95% CI: 7.1-7.9]). In phase 2, 22 students performed 304 FAST
      examinations on patients. At the beginning of their training when they performed 
      less than 10 FAST scans, students were able to complete the right upper quadrant 
      view in 88.9%, left upper quadrant view in 69.7%, subxiphoid in 64.7%, and pelvic
      view in 70% of scans. Across all views of the FAST examination, increasing level 
      of practice was associated with improvement in successfully completing the
      examination. The absolute increase in the proportion experiencing success in the 
      right upper quadrant view was 1.6%, 3.6%, and 6.2% for the 10-19, 20-29, and >30 
      groups, respectively, of which none were statistically significant. However, the 
      improvements in the left upper quadrant view was 12.7%, 11.6%, 15.7% for the
      10-19, 20-29, and >30 groups, respectively. In all views, performing >30
      examinations more than doubled the odds of successfully completing the
      examination. CONCLUSION: An experiential learning model of ultrasound training
      consisting of brief didactic presentation, practice FAST examinations on normal
      models, and proctored examinations on patients is an effective way to teach
      preclinical medical students basic ultrasound skills.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2015 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by
      Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Shokoohi, Hamid
AU  - Shokoohi H
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington
      DC. Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Boniface, Keith
AU  - Boniface K
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington
      DC.
FAU - Kaviany, Parisa
AU  - Kaviany P
AD  - School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical 
      Center, Washington, DC.
FAU - Armstrong, Paige
AU  - Armstrong P
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington
      DC.
FAU - Calabrese, Kathleen
AU  - Calabrese K
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington
      DC.
FAU - Pourmand, Ali
AU  - Pourmand A
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington
      DC.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - J Surg Educ
JT  - Journal of surgical education
JID - 101303204
SB  - IM
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Medical Knowledge
OT  - Patient Care
OT  - Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
OT  - experiential learning
OT  - focused assessment with sonography for trauma
OT  - medical students
OT  - ultrasound
EDAT- 2016/02/13 06:00
MHDA- 2016/02/13 06:00
CRDT- 2016/02/13 06:00
PHST- 2015/06/03 [received]
PHST- 2015/09/08 [revised]
PHST- 2015/10/12 [accepted]
AID - S1931-7204(15)00272-X [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Surg Educ. 2016 Mar-Apr;73(2):208-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007.
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Shokoohi, Hamid
AU  - Boniface, Keith
AU  - Kaviany, Parisa
AU  - Armstrong, Paige
AU  - Calabrese, Kathleen
AU  - Pourmand, Ali
PY  - 2016/Mar/Apr/
TI  - An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.
T2  - J Surg Educ
JO  - Journal of surgical education
SP  - 208
EP  - 214
VL  - 73
IS  - 2
N2  - To examine the effects of an experiential learning model of ultrasound training on preclinical medical students' knowledge and practice of Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination.
SN  - 1878-7452
UR  - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.10.007
UR  - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26868311
ID  - Shokoohi2016
ER  - 
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<b:Title>An Experiential Learning Model Facilitates Learning of Bedside Ultrasound by Preclinical Medical Students.</b:Title>
 <b:ShortTitle>J Surg Educ</b:ShortTitle>
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