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Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.

Abstract Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords
Journal Title journal of drug education
Publication Year Start
%A Kunz, Charlotte B.; Jason, Leonard A.; Adams, Monica; Pokorny, Steven B.
%T Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.
%J Journal of drug education, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 321-337
%D 00/2009
%V 39
%N 3
%M eng
%B Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.
%K Consumer Participation, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Law Enforcement, Police, Smoking
%P 321
%L 337
%W PHY
%G AUTHOR
%R 2009.......39..321K

@Article{Kunz2009,
author="Kunz, Charlotte B.
and Jason, Leonard A.
and Adams, Monica
and Pokorny, Steven B.",
title="Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.",
journal="Journal of drug education",
year="2009",
volume="39",
number="3",
pages="321--337",
keywords="Consumer Participation",
keywords="Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice",
keywords="Humans",
keywords="Law Enforcement",
keywords="Police",
keywords="Smoking",
abstract="Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.",
issn="0047-2379",
url="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20196335",
language="eng"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.
%A Kunz, Charlotte B.
%A Jason, Leonard A.
%A Adams, Monica
%A Pokorny, Steven B.
%J Journal of drug education
%D 2009
%V 39
%N 3
%@ 0047-2379
%G eng
%F Kunz2009
%X Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.
%K Consumer Participation
%K Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
%K Humans
%K Law Enforcement
%K Police
%K Smoking
%U http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20196335
%P 321-337

PT Journal
AU Kunz, CB
   Jason, LA
   Adams, M
   Pokorny, SB
TI Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.
SO Journal of drug education
JI J Drug Educ
PY 2009
BP 321
EP 337
VL 39
IS 3
LA eng
DE Consumer Participation; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Law Enforcement; Police; Smoking
AB Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.
ER

PMID- 20196335
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20100303
DCOM- 20100323
IS  - 0047-2379 (Print)
IS  - 0047-2379 (Linking)
VI  - 39
IP  - 3
DP  - 2009
TI  - Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of
      tobacco.
PG  - 321-37
AB  - Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's
      readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the
      readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access 
      to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed
      structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community
      readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness
      ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales
      and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and
      youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco
      possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation
      rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession
      ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their
      community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in
      Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting 
      ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of
      tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in 
      the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge
      Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were
      related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications
      of these findings are discussed.
FAU - Kunz, Charlotte B
AU  - Kunz CB
AD  - DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA.
FAU - Jason, Leonard A
AU  - Jason LA
FAU - Adams, Monica
AU  - Adams M
FAU - Pokorny, Steven B
AU  - Pokorny SB
LA  - eng
GR  - CA80288/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
PL  - United States
TA  - J Drug Educ
JT  - Journal of drug education
JID - 1300031
SB  - IM
MH  - Consumer Participation/*methods/psychology
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Law Enforcement
MH  - Police/*organization & administration
MH  - Smoking/*legislation & jurisprudence/*prevention & control
EDAT- 2009/01/01 00:00
MHDA- 2010/03/24 06:00
CRDT- 2010/03/04 06:00
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Drug Educ. 2009;39(3):321-37.
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kunz, Charlotte B.
AU  - Jason, Leonard A.
AU  - Adams, Monica
AU  - Pokorny, Steven B.
PY  - 2009//
TI  - Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco.
T2  - J Drug Educ
JO  - Journal of drug education
SP  - 321
EP  - 337
VL  - 39
IS  - 3
KW  - Consumer Participation
KW  - Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
KW  - Humans
KW  - Law Enforcement
KW  - Police
KW  - Smoking
N2  - Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to assess each police department's community readiness to enforce tobacco sales and possession laws. Community readiness ratings were compared to outcome measures in the community, such as tobacco sales and possession enforcement activity, youth knowledge of such activities, and youth reports of smoking history. Higher readiness ratings on the youth tobacco possession enforcement scale was related to higher youth possession citation rates, higher number of youth reporting knowing someone who received a possession ticket, and a smaller number of youth reporting seeing minors smoking in their community. Youth in communities with higher possession readiness ratings in Efforts and Knowledge Regarding the Efforts had lower reports of youth reporting ever having smoked. Higher readiness ratings in the Leadership dimension of tobacco sales enforcement was related to lower tobacco commercial sales rates in the community. Higher tobacco sales readiness ratings in the Efforts, Knowledge Regarding the Efforts, and Knowledge Regarding the Problem dimensions were related to a lower number of youth reporting ever having smoked. The implications of these findings are discussed.
SN  - 0047-2379
UR  - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20196335
ID  - Kunz2009
ER  - 
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