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Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.

Abstract This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Policy

Keywords
Journal Title the american journal on addictions / american academy of psychiatrists in alcoholism and addictions
Publication Year Start
%A Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Adams, Monica; Topliff, Annie; Harris, Courtney; Hunt, Yvonne
%T Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.
%J The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 367-374
%D 09/2009
%V 18
%N 5
%M eng
%B This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
%K Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Commerce, Consumer Participation, Female, Friends, Health Policy, Humans, Law Enforcement, Legislation, Drug, Male, Perception, Schools, Smoking, Students, Tobacco Use Disorder
%P 367
%L 374
%Y 10.3109/10550490903077788
%W PHY
%G AUTHOR
%R 2009.......18..367J

@Article{Jason2009,
author="Jason, Leonard A.
and Pokorny, Steven B.
and Adams, Monica
and Topliff, Annie
and Harris, Courtney
and Hunt, Yvonne",
title="Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.",
journal="The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions",
year="2009",
month="Sep/Oct",
volume="18",
number="5",
pages="367--374",
keywords="Adolescent",
keywords="Adolescent Behavior",
keywords="Commerce",
keywords="Consumer Participation",
keywords="Female",
keywords="Friends",
keywords="Health Policy",
keywords="Humans",
keywords="Law Enforcement",
keywords="Legislation, Drug",
keywords="Male",
keywords="Perception",
keywords="Schools",
keywords="Smoking",
keywords="Students",
keywords="Tobacco Use Disorder",
abstract="This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.",
issn="1521-0391",
doi="10.3109/10550490903077788",
url="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19874155",
language="eng"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.
%A Jason, Leonard A.
%A Pokorny, Steven B.
%A Adams, Monica
%A Topliff, Annie
%A Harris, Courtney
%A Hunt, Yvonne
%J The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions
%D 2009
%8 Sep/Oct
%V 18
%N 5
%@ 1521-0391
%G eng
%F Jason2009
%X This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
%K Adolescent
%K Adolescent Behavior
%K Commerce
%K Consumer Participation
%K Female
%K Friends
%K Health Policy
%K Humans
%K Law Enforcement
%K Legislation, Drug
%K Male
%K Perception
%K Schools
%K Smoking
%K Students
%K Tobacco Use Disorder
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10550490903077788
%U http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19874155
%P 367-374

PT Journal
AU Jason, LA
   Pokorny, SB
   Adams, M
   Topliff, A
   Harris, C
   Hunt, Y
TI Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.
SO The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions
JI Am J Addict
PD Sep/Oct
PY 2009
BP 367
EP 374
VL 18
IS 5
DI 10.3109/10550490903077788
LA eng
DE Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Commerce; Consumer Participation; Female; Friends; Health Policy; Humans; Law Enforcement; Legislation, Drug; Male; Perception; Schools; Smoking; Students; Tobacco Use Disorder
AB This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
ER

PMID- 19874155
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20091030
DCOM- 20100121
LR  - 20141207
IS  - 1521-0391 (Electronic)
IS  - 1055-0496 (Linking)
VI  - 18
IP  - 5
DP  - 2009 Sep-Oct
TI  - Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and
      perceived tobacco use.
PG  - 367-74
LID - 10.3109/10550490903077788 [doi]
AB  - This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP)
      laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools.
      Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental
      condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and
      reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control
      condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial
      sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was
      selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found
      that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth
      tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco
      among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control
      condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to
      strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
FAU - Jason, Leonard A
AU  - Jason LA
AD  - DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, USA. [email protected]
FAU - Pokorny, Steven B
AU  - Pokorny SB
FAU - Adams, Monica
AU  - Adams M
FAU - Topliff, Annie
AU  - Topliff A
FAU - Harris, Courtney
AU  - Harris C
FAU - Hunt, Yvonne
AU  - Hunt Y
LA  - eng
GR  - CA80288/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
GR  - R01 CA080288/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
GR  - R01 CA080288-01A2/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
PL  - England
TA  - Am J Addict
JT  - The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in
      Alcoholism and Addictions
JID - 9208821
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adolescent Behavior
MH  - Commerce/legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Consumer Participation
MH  - Female
MH  - Friends
MH  - *Health Policy
MH  - Humans
MH  - Law Enforcement
MH  - Legislation, Drug
MH  - Male
MH  - Perception
MH  - Schools
MH  - Smoking/*legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Students/*psychology
MH  - Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control/*psychology
PMC - PMC2913699
MID - NIHMS223432
OID - NLM: NIHMS223432
OID - NLM: PMC2913699
EDAT- 2009/10/31 06:00
MHDA- 2010/01/22 06:00
CRDT- 2009/10/31 06:00
AID - 10.3109/10550490903077788 [pii]
AID - 10.3109/10550490903077788 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Am J Addict. 2009 Sep-Oct;18(5):367-74. doi: 10.3109/10550490903077788.
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jason, Leonard A.
AU  - Pokorny, Steven B.
AU  - Adams, Monica
AU  - Topliff, Annie
AU  - Harris, Courtney
AU  - Hunt, Yvonne
PY  - 2009/Sep/Oct/
TI  - Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use.
T2  - Am J Addict
JO  - The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions
SP  - 367
EP  - 374
VL  - 18
IS  - 5
KW  - Adolescent
KW  - Adolescent Behavior
KW  - Commerce
KW  - Consumer Participation
KW  - Female
KW  - Friends
KW  - Health Policy
KW  - Humans
KW  - Law Enforcement
KW  - Legislation, Drug
KW  - Male
KW  - Perception
KW  - Schools
KW  - Smoking
KW  - Students
KW  - Tobacco Use Disorder
N2  - This study evaluated the effects of tobacco Purchase, Use and Possession (PUP) laws on student perceptions of adolescent tobacco use within towns and schools. Twenty-four towns were randomly assigned into two conditions, the experimental condition (E PUP) involved efforts to increase both PUP law enforcement and reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco, whereas the control condition (C) focused only on efforts to reduce minors' access to commercial sources of tobacco. A hierarchical linear modeling analytical approach was selected due to the multilevel data and nested design. The present study found that over time, youth in the experimental PUP condition observed less youth tobacco usage at school and in their town, and perceived lower rates of tobacco among their peers at school and among friends than youth in the control condition. The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use.
SN  - 1521-0391
UR  - http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10550490903077788
UR  - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19874155
ID  - Jason2009
ER  - 
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