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Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases - Top 30 Publications

Successful treatment of plasma exchange for rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis: A case report.

As the initial treatment of rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RPILD) with antimelanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody (anti-MDA5 Ab)-positive dermatomyositis (DM) patients, a combination of corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, and calcineurin inhibitor is recommended. However, some of these patients have poor prognoses despite such intensive treatment. Other more effective treatments are desired. We report the case of an anti-MDA5 Ab-positive DM patient who had developed RPILD despite intensive treatments; she was treated successfully by a short-term plasma exchange (PE).

Bullous pemphigoid associated with chronic hepatitis C virus infection in a hepatitis B virus endemic area: A case report.

Bullous pemphigoid is a type of acute or chronic autoimmune disease that involves subepidermal skin lesions with bulla formation. Although viral infections, such as, human herpes virus (HHV), human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, HHV-6, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), are known factors of bullous pemphigoid, HCV infection has only been rarely associated factor, especially in HBV endemic area. A 78-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to erythematous bulla of onset 3 months before presentation affecting his entire body. Pathologic findings, that is, subepidermal bullae containing eosinophils and neutrophils with superficial perivascular lymphocytic and eosinophilic infiltration, were consistent with bullous pemphigoid. Anti-HCV was positive and HCV quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was 1.25 x 10 IU/mL. HCV genotype was 2a. After a diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid associated with chronic HCV infection was reached, he was treated with oral methylprednisolone for bullous pemphigoid, and his skin lesions improved. Oral direct-acting antiviral agents (sofosbuvir plus ribavirin) were prescribed for chronic hepatitis C, and sustained viral response was achieved.

The incidence of cardiovascular events in Italian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus is lower than in North European and American cohorts: implication of disease-associated and traditional risk factors as emerged by a 16-year retrospective GIRRCS study: GIRRCS=Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale.

Previous study from our group has pointed out a lower number of cardiovascular (CV) events in Italian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) than in North European and American ones. This study aims to assess the incidence of the first CV event in a large, multicenter, Italian cohort of patients with SLE and search for differences in disease and traditional risk factors among distinct cohorts.Clinical charts of SLE patients consecutively admitted to 5 Italian rheumatologic centers from November 1st 2000 to December 31st 2015 and free of CV events at baseline were retrospectively studied. CV cumulative incidence (ie, the proportion of patients who experienced a new CV event over the follow-up period) and CV incidence rate (ie, the number of events in the cohort divided by the total number of years at risk) were evaluated. The detected incidences were compared with those reported in SLE cohorts from other countries.The median duration of follow-up was 6 years (IQR = 3-11). During the observational period, 37 (cumulative incidence = 7.2%) patients had a first episode of CV event with an incidence rate of 10.1/1000 person-years. The CV cumulative incidence and incidence rate detected in our Italian cohort were lower than those from most North European and American cohorts, characterized by a high impact of traditional risk factors. Nevertheless, the cumulative incidence was similar to that reported in a Spanish cohort with a high frequency of traditional risk factors (geographic impact), while the incidence rate was only slightly higher than that in the Baltimore cohort, which is characterized by a strict follow-up of patients (medical impact).Our results confirmed that Italian lupus patients have a low incidence of CV events. Moreover, the geographic origin, traditional risk factors, and medical approach appear to have an impact on CV disease in SLE.

Metaplastic breast carcinoma composed of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma: A case report.

Metaplastic breast carcinomas are a group of breast malignancies with varying histomorphological characteristics and prognoses. The tumor composed of epithelial -myoepithelial carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma was not reported previously.

Apatinib + CPT-11 + S-1 for treatment of refractory brain metastases in patient with triple-negative breast cancer: Case report and literature review.

Brain metastasis (BM) is a rising challenge in forward-looking oncology, as its treatment choices are very limited, especially, after the failure of local treatment schemes.

A case of adult onset Still's disease with mutations of the MEFV gene who is partially responsive to colchicine.

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) have overlapping features, and are categorized as being on the spectrum of autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs). FMF is more prevalent in the Mediterranean region but rarely, described in the Chinese population.

Hydroa vacciniforme-like cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in a child: A case report.

Hydroa vacciniforme (HV)-like T-cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy in childhood associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection.

DRESS syndrome with thrombotic microangiopathy revealing a Noonan syndrome: Case report.

The life-threatening drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome occurs most commonly after exposure to drugs, clinical features mimic those found with other serious systemic disorders. It is rarely associated with thrombotic microangiopathy.

Turning the backbone into an ankylosed concrete-like structure: Case report.

Progressive restriction of the spinal bio-mechanics is not-uncommon deformity encountered in spine clinics. Congenital spinal fusion as seen in Klippel-Feil-anomaly, progressive non-infectious anterior vertebral fusion, and progressive spinal hyperostosis secondary to ossification of the anterior longitudinal spinal ligament are well delineated and recognized.

Acupotomy for calcaneodynia: A systematic review protocol.

Calcaneodynia customarily induces inferior heel pain, specialists believe that the pain is principally caused by acute or chronic injury due to the plantar fascia from accumulative overload pressure. Acupotomy has been widely used to treat calcaneodynia. But its efficiency has not been scientifically and methodically evaluated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the acupotomy treatment in patients with calcaneodynia.

Skin Abscess.

Open resection and laryngotracheal reconstruction in a case of subglottic hemangioma in PHACE syndrome.

We describe a 1 month old infant with PHACE syndrome who underwent successful management of subglottic hemangioma by open resection and laryngotracheal reconstruction using a thyroid ala graft. Propranolol is typically the treatment of choice for subglottic hemangiomas however, recent reports have suggested adverse complications with the use of propranolol in children with PHACE syndrome. The child had cerebral and cervical vascular anomalies associated with her PHACE syndrome making her at an increased risk of stroke with the use of propranolol.

What parents are reading about laryngomalacia: Quality and readability of internet resources on laryngomalacia.

The goal of this study is to measure the quality and readability of websites related to laryngomalacia, and to compare the quality and readability scores for the sites accessed through the most popular search engines.

Narrow lumbar channel due to epidural lipomatosis: case report and literature review.

Epidural lipomatosis is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of non-encapsulated grease in the epidural space. Although rare, it is a possible cause of lombosciatica or narrow lumbar channel. It is often associated with contributing factors such as prolonged corticosteroid therapy or obesity. We report the case of a patient presenting with disabling lombosciatalgias. Radiological evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of compressive epidural lipomatosis. Patient's evolution was favorable after surgical decompression.

Breast tuberculosis: about a case.

Breast tuberculosis is rare. It poses a problem of differential diagnosis because it may be mistaken for breast cancer as clinical examination and diagnostic imaging are not specific. Breast tuberculosis should be suspected especially in endemic countries or in immunosuppressed individuals. We report the case of a menopausal woman with breast tuberculosis in order to raise concern for diagnosis.

Clinicopathological Analysis of Ultrasound-guided Vacuum-assisted Breast Biopsy for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Disease.

To evaluate the usefulness and safety of vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) for breast lesion diagnosis and treatment.

The Clinical Usefulness of the LigaSure™ Small Jaw in Axillary Lymph Node Dissection in Patients with Breast Cancer.

The LigaSure™ small jaw (LS-SJ) multifunctional tissue sealing system is mainly used in cervical operations. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the LS-SJ in axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in comparison to the conventional method.

Prediction of Treatment Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer by Subtype Using Tumor-infiltrating Lymphocytes.

Recent interest has focused on the significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) on the efficacies and outcomes of the treatment in breast cancer (BC). Based on the recent international recommendation to standardize the evaluation method, the clinical validity and utility of TILs in patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) were investigated in the present study.

Analysis of HER Family (HER1-4) Expression as a Biomarker in Combination Therapy with Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab and Docetaxel for Advanced HER2-positive Breast Cancer.

Chemotherapy with trastuzumab, pertuzumab and docetaxel (TPD regimen) is now strongly recommended as a treatment option for first-line therapy for advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2-positive breast cancer. In this study, we analyzed the expression of HER 1-4 proteins, and investigated whether or not their expression was predictive of the response of advanced HER2-positive breast cancer to chemotherapy with the TPD regimen.

Radiotherapy-induced Early ECG Changes and Their Comparison with Echocardiography in Patients with Early-stage Breast Cancer.

Early electrocardiogram (ECG) changes after breast cancer radiotherapy (RT) have been reported, but their characteristics and associated factors are largely unknown. This study aimed to explore early RT-induced ECG changes and to compare them with echocardiography changes.

A woman with a 10 year history of abdominal pain.

Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer.

Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer.

Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer.

Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer.

Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer.

Starting of biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs may be postponed in rheumatoid arthritis patients with multimorbidity: Single center real life results.

The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of comorbidities and multimorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients under biologic therapy and their effects on biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) choice, timing, and response.Hacettepe University Biologic Registry (HUR-BIO) is single center biological DMARD registry. Cardiovascular, infectious, cancer, and other comorbidities were recorded with face to face interviews. Multimorbidity is defined as >1 comorbidity. Disease duration, initial date of biological DMARDs, initial and overall biological DMARD choice were recorded. Disease activity score-28 (DAS-28) responses were compared to comorbidity presence and multimorbidity.Total of 998 RA patients were enrolled into the study. The mean age was 53.1 (12.5) and mean disease duration (standard deviation [SD]) was 11.7 (7.5) years. At least 1 comorbidity was detected in 689 (69.1%) patients, 375 (37.9%) patients had multimorbidity. Patients had mean 1.36 ± 1.32 comorbidity. The median durations of first biological DMARDs prescription were 60 (3-552) months after RA diagnosis. For multimorbidity patients, the median first biological prescription duration was longer than the duration for patients without multimorbidity (72 [3-552] vs 60 [3-396] months, P < .001). The physicians prescribe tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) biological drugs less frequently than other biological DMARDs in patients with at least 1 comorbidity (66.2% vs 74.5%, P = .007) or multimorbidity (34.6% vs 43.5%, P = .006). Patients with comorbidities and multimorbidity achieved DAS-28 remission less frequently than patients without comorbidity (31.6% vs 42.6%, P = .012 and 27.2% vs 39.7%, P = .001, respectively).In real life, physicians may postpone to prescribe biological DMARDs and less frequently choose TNFi biological drugs in patients with multimorbidity. Furthermore, comorbidity may have a negative effect on the treatment response.

Effectiveness and safety of Glycyrrhizae Decoction for Purging Stomach-Fire in Behcet disease patients: Study protocol for a randomized controlled and double-blinding trail.

Behcet disease (BD) is a worldwide-occurred autoimmune disorder and currently lack of optional successful treatment. An ancient traditional Chinese medical formula called Glycyrrhizae Decoction for Purging Stomach-Fire (GDPSF) was recorded and nowadays has been observed to be effective for BD patients. However, the strict randomized controlled and double-blinding trail is needed to further assess this alternative medicine.

Gastric metastasis from invasive lobular breast cancer, mimicking primary gastric cancer: A case report.

Gastric metastasis from invasive lobular breast cancer is relatively rare, commonly presented among multiple metastases, several years after primary diagnosis of breast cancer. Importantly, gastric cancer that is synchronously presented with lobular breast cancer can be misdiagnosed as primary gastric cancer; therefore, accurate differential diagnosis is required.

Integrative medicine for managing the symptoms of lupus nephritis: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Integrative medicine is claimed to improve symptoms of lupus nephritis. No systematic reviews have been performed for the application of integrative medicine for lupus nephritis on patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thus, this review will aim to evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy of integrative medicine for the management of lupus nephritis in patients with SLE.