PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Neoplasms - Top 30 Publications

Magnetic Resonance-Guided Focused Ultrasound Versus Conventional Radiation Therapy for Painful Bone Metastasis: A Matched-Pair Study.

Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is an alternative local therapy for patients with painful bone metastasis for whom standard conventional radiation therapy (RT) has failed. However, the therapeutic effects of MRgFUS as a first-line treatment for bone metastasis remain uncertain.

Inhibition of Midkine Suppresses Prostate Cancer CD133(+) Stem Cell Growth and Migration.

Midkine (MDK) is a tumor-promoting factor that is often overexpressed in various human carcinomas, and the role of MDK has not yet been fully investigated in prostate cancer stem cells.

Recurrence of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage A Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Hepatectomy.

The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system is widely used to classify hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was performed to investigate the prognostic factors for patients with BCLC stage A HCC after R0 hepatectomy.

A Comparative Analysis of Serum IgG4 Levels in Patients With IgG4-Related Disease and Other Disorders.

Elevated serum IgG4 levels are an important hallmark for diagnosing IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) but can also be found and reported in other diseases. The present study intended to compare the serum IgG4 levels in both IgG4-RD and non-IgG4-RD and determine the serum IgG4 levels in patients with IgG4-RD before and after glucocorticoid therapy.

Metformin Has Positive Therapeutic Effects in Colon Cancer and Lung Cancer.

Metformin (MF), a diabetic drug, has antineoplastic activity as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer and prostate cancer. MF is thought to work via inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin and activation of p53 and liver kinase B1 via adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase. We investigated survival, recurrences and metastasis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) along with colorectal cancer (CC) or lung cancer (LC) taking MF using the electronic medical record in Memphis Veterans Affairs Medical Center (colon, n = 202; lung, n = 180).

Combined oral contraceptives plus spironolactone compared with metformin in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a one-year randomized clinical trial.

We aimed to compare a combined oral contraceptive (COC) plus the antiandrogen spironolactone with the insulin sensitizer metformin in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Differences in survival among adults with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma during routine HIV treatment initiation in Zomba district, Malawi: a retrospective cohort analysis.

The HIV epidemic is a major public health concern throughout Africa. Malawi is one of the worst affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa with a 2014 national HIV prevalence currently estimated at 10% (9.3-10.8%) by UNAIDS. Study reports, largely in the African setting comparing outcomes in HIV patients with and without Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) indicate poor prognosis and poor health outcomes amongst HIV+KS patients. Understanding the mortality risk in this patient group could help improve patient management and care.

Rates and Trends of Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - United States, 2001-2014.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent cancer among children and adolescents in the United States, representing 20% of all cancers diagnosed in persons aged <20 years, or >3,000 new cases each year (1). Past studies reported increasing trends of ALL overall and among Hispanics, but these represented ≤28% of the U.S. population and did not provide state-based estimates (1-3). To describe U.S. ALL incidence rates and trends among persons aged <20 years during 2001-2014, CDC analyzed rigorous data (based on established publication criteria) from the United States Cancer Statistics data set, which includes incidence data on approximately 15,000 new cases per year of all types of invasive cancer among children and adolescents aged <20 years (4). The data set represented 98% of the U.S. population during the study period. Overall incidence of pediatric ALL during 2001-2014 was 34.0 cases per 1 million persons and among all racial/ethnic groups was highest among Hispanics (42.9 per 1 million). Both overall and among Hispanics, pediatric ALL incidence increased during 2001-2008 and remained stable during 2008-2014. ALL incidence was higher in the West than in any other U.S. Census region. State-specific data indicated that the highest rates of pediatric ALL incidence were in California, New Mexico, and Vermont. These demographic and geographic ALL incidence data might better inform public health interventions targeting the following areas: exposures to recognized risk factors for leukemia; ALL treatment, including clinical trial enrollment; survivorship care planning; and studies designed to understand the factors affecting changes in pediatric cancer incidence.

Prognostic value of maximum standard uptake value, metabolic tumor volume, and total lesion glycolysis of positron emission tomography/computed tomography in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) perform as new prognostic factors, but the outcomes of the published articles were inconclusive. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the prognostic value of SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of PET/CT in patients with NPC.

Augmented reality navigation in open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma resection with hemihepatectomy using video-based in situ three-dimensional anatomical modeling: A case report.

Patients who undergo hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCAC) resection with concomitant hepatectomy have a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality due to surgical trauma to the hepatic and biliary vasculature.

The role of serum angiopoietin-2 levels in progression and prognosis of lung cancer: A meta-analysis.

Angiogenesis is an essential process in the development and progression of malignant tumors including lung cancer, in which angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) plays an important role. The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic value of serum Ang-2 levels in patients with lung cancer.

Barriers and facilitators to participation in clinical trial among lymphoma patients from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center in China: An observation study.

Recruitment rate of clinical trials in cancer patients is pretty low in China. Little is known about factors influencing trial recruitment in Chinese cancer patients. The aim of present study is to evaluate the barriers and facilitators to participation in clinical trials among lymphoma patients in China.From December 2014 to August 2015, the survey was carried out in the Department of Medical Oncology in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. A self-made questionnaire was used among lymphoma patients (N = 331) to evaluate their attitude toward clinical trials. The questionnaire included 2 parts: patients' basic information and whether they were willing to participate in future clinical trials and their reasons.There were 53.5% patients willing to participate in clinical trials. The most common reasons were thirst for new treatments, trust on hospital and doctors, the idea that clinical trials may be more effective than conventional therapy, and to get more management and monitoring. The following patients are more likely to participate in clinical trials: patients who have children (P = .019) or spouse (P = .037), cannot afford treatment cost (P = .019), have tumor relapse (P = .045), and cared about the medical development (P = .032). Patients who have little knowledge of clinical trials are less likely to participate in clinical trials (P = .047).Popularization of knowledge about clinical trial is helpful to improve clinical trial participation in Chinese lymphoma patients.

Abdominal fat distribution measured using computed tomography is associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma in men.

A few studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between the visceral fat proportion and colorectal adenomas. We aimed to investigate the association between abdominal fat distribution measured by computed tomography (CT) and colon adenoma.A total of 336 participants underwent physical examination, blood tests, colonoscopy, and abdominal computed tomography at Chung-Ang University Hospital. The associations between the obesity indicies (body mass index, visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), VFA-to-SFA ratio (VFA/SFA), and colorectal adenomas were evaluated.Of 309 subjects, 119 patients (38.5%) had colorectal adenoma. Mean age and fasting plasma glucose were higher in the patients with colorectal adenoma (P < .05, respectively). The mean VFA (153.3 cm vs 131.4 cm, P < .01) and VFA/SFA (1.07 vs 0.92, P < .05) were higher in the adenoma group than in the nonadenoma group. Males had higher mean VFA and VFA/SFA (P < .001). The mean VFA, SFA, and VFA/SFA were not associated with the location, size, number, and advancement of colorectal adenoma. In multivariate analysis, colorectal adenoma was significantly associated with VFA rather than VFA/SFA. In addition, colorectal adenoma was significantly associated with VFA rather than VFA/SFA in the men. The VFA, SFA, and VFA/SFA were not associated with colorectal adenoma in the women.The VFA measured by using a CT scan was positively associated with the presence of colorectal adenoma, especially in men. Furthermore, average risk men with large visceral fat volume should be examined carefully in screening colonoscopy.

Chondrosarcoma of the patella: A case report.

Chondrosarcoma, characterized by the production of cartilage matrix, is a common bone tumor, accounting for 20% to 27% of all malignant bone tumors. It often occurs in the cartilage of the pelvis, femur, tibia, and humerus. However, chondrosarcoma of the patella is extremely rare.

Prognostic impact of surgical margin in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: A meta-analysis.

Surgical margin is an important prognostic factor in hepatectomy for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). But the extent of surgical margins is still controversial. Our study was designed to systematically evaluate the prognosis of different width of resection margin.

Comparison of fertility-sparing treatments in patients with early endometrial cancer and atypical complex hyperplasia: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

There are some fertility-sparing treatments in patients with early endometrial cancer (EEC) or atypical complex hyperplasia (ACH), and the objective is to compare them by evaluating the oncologic and reproductive outcomes.

Risk factors for lymph node metastasis of early gastric cancers in patients younger than 40.

This research aims to explore the potential risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) for early gastric cancers in young patients.We retrospectively collected data from 4287 patients who underwent gastrectomy from January 2005 to December 2015 at Linyi People's Hospital. Of these, we enrolled 397 eligible consecutive patients who had early gastric cancer, then divided them into 2 groups according to age (≤40 years and >40 years). The association between the clinicopathological factors and LNM was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.Compared to older patients (>40 years), younger patients (≤40 years) with early gastric cancer had more diffuse and mixed types (51.1% and 37.8% vs 40% and 8.3%, respectively), less proximal gastric cancer (0% vs 33.8%, P < .01) and higher LNM (33.3% vs 13%, P < .01). Univariate analysis showed tumor invasion depth (P < .01), lymphovascular invasion (P < .01), and E-cadherin expression (P = .024) were associated with LNM in the younger cohort. Multivariate analysis revealed that lymphovascular invasion (OR = 17.740, 95% CI: 1.458-215.843) was an independent risk factor for LNM (P = .024). Further analysis showed 3 patients who were within expanded endoscopic resection indications were positive for LNM.Given the high risk of lymph node involvement in young patients with early gastric cancer, both endoscopic and surgical resection procedures should be performed with caution, and active postoperative surveillance is warranted.

Is there an extraclinical value of automated breast volume scanner compared with hand-held ultrasound?: A pilot study.

The aim of this study was to investigate the extraclinical value of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) in the diagnosis of breast tumor compare to hand-handle ultrasound (HHUS).One hundred twenty-four patients with breast tumor were performed HHUS and ABVS before operation. The research focused on whether there were newly found tumors or new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS compared with HHUS. Then, the classification adjustments of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) were made according to new findings on the coronal planes by using ABVS.There are totally 166 breast tumors found in 124 patients by HHUS, while 8 more were observed by ABVS, 4 of which were malignant and the rest were benign. The sensitivity and specificity of ABVS coronal plane findings were 37.0% and 92.5%, respectively. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.89 before the corrected classification versus 0.93 after the corrected classification, there were no significant differences (P > .05).There was no significant extraclinical value in differentiating diagnosis of malignant tumors and benign breast tumors by ABVS comparing to HHUS. However, those minimal lesions missed diagnosis could be found by ABVS with continuously automatic scanning.

Plastic wound protectors decreased surgical site infections following laparoscopic-assisted colectomy for colorectal cancer: A retrospective cohort study.

Laparoscopic surgery is widespread and safe for the management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Although the use of standard surgical techniques can prevent perioperative wound infections, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain an unresolved complication in laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. The present study investigated the ability of plastic wound protectors applied to the extraction incision during the externalized portion of the procedure to reduce the rate of infection in laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. We completed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients who underwent nonemergent laparoscopic-assisted between January 2015 and June 2016. Outcomes for patients with and without the use of a wound protector were compared. A total of 109 patients were included in this study. There was 1 patient in the wound protector group (n = 57) and 7 in the nonwound protector group (n = 52) who developed a wound infection at the colon extraction site (P = .02). Furthermore, the average postoperative hospital stay in the wound protector group was shorter compared to the nonwound protector group (7.47 ± 0.24 vs 8.73 ± 0.54 days, P = .03). In conclusion, this study indicates that the use of a plastic wound protector during laparoscope-assisted colectomy does reduce postoperative wound infection rates, and the wound protectors are beneficial for specimen extraction and digestive tract reconstruction.

Combination of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and interrupted dosing sorafenib improves patient survival in early-intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma: A post hoc analysis of the START trial.

The survival benefit of treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with sorafenib remains uncertain. We compared the survival of patients treated with TACE and sorafenib with that of patients treated with TACE alone.

Intestinal obstruction due to kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in a 1-month-old infant: A case report.

Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is an aggressive vascular tumor, mainly occurring in infants and young children and previously reported cases were mainly cutaneous or visceral form. Intestinal kaposiform hemangioma was first reported in 2012. Intestinal type KHE showed better prognosis if the lesion was limited in the gastrointestinal tract and coagulopathy was not accompanied. Since the number of reported cases is small, further study for treatment options and prognosis need to be done.

Supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP): our experience with 16 cases.

Partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) are mainly used to treat glottic cancers becuse they ensure a satisfactory preservation of physiological functions and satisfactory local carcinologic control. Our study aimed to analyze the functional and carcinologic results of this surgical technique. We conducted a retrospective study of patients undergoing partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy in our Hospital between 2011 and 2014. We analyzed the epidemiological data, the surgical peculiarities, the functional outcomes and the carcinologic control of the disease. A total of 16 patients were included in this study. All our patients had T1 or T2 glottis squamous cell carcinoma. Functional outcomes were generally simple, especially in cases where the preservation of the 2 cricoarytenoid units was possible (75% of cases). However post-operative complications were reported in 31.25%. Carcinologic control was satisfactory, only one patient experienced local recurrence. Partial laryngectomy with either cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) is a safe surgery preserving physiological functions and ensuring satisfactory quality of life. It also allows for good carcinologic control (it is subject of course to compliance with surgical indications).

Chase's amputation in a patient with melanoma on the index finger: about a case.

We report the case of a 40-year old patient referred by the Depatment of Dermatology at the Ibn Sina Hospital in Rabat for amputation of the index finger as a result of a melanoma diagnosed by biopsy. The amputation was performed according to Chase's method. Aesthetic and functional outcome was very good six months following surgical treatment.

Latissimus dorsi flap in reconstruction following treatment of giant tumor of the abdominal wall: about a rare case.

We report the case of a 16-year old patient presenting with giant, multinodular, mesenchymal tumor of the abdominal wall occupying the left abdominal region and measuring 25 cm on the vertical axis, 20 cm on the transverse axis, mobile when compared with the deep structures and gradually increasing in volume over childhood and neglected. After small biopsy, which showed desmoid tumor, the patient underwent complete surgical resection of the tumor with immediate reconstruction by free muscolo skin flap of the latissimus dorsi attached to the large blood vessels of the inguinal fold (left iliac artery and left external iliac vein), connected by termino lateral anastomosis. Flap survival was correctly performed and reconstruction was successful.

Prolactin-secreting microadenoma in menopausal women.

Prolactin-secreting adenoma is rare in elderly women. Patient's clinical picture may be confused with that of menopause, making diagnosis sometimes difficult. We report the case of a 57-year old woman with a 2-year history of secondary amenorrhea without hot flushes associated with galactorrhea in order to highlight the peculiarities of prolactin-secreting microadenomas. Physical examination confirmed the diagnosis of galactorrhoea and biology showed hyperprolactinemia at mIU/L, FSH = 15.1 IU/L and LH = 4,1 IU/L. Pituitary MRI showed left adenoma measuring 8 mm. Patient's evolution under dopaminergic treatment was marked by the recovery, for a transitional period, of mestrual cycles and the occurrence of hot flushes, normalization of prolactin levels and reduction of adenoma size.

Bellini duct carcinoma: a new case study and literature review.

Bellini duct carcinoma is a very rare type of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), accounting for less than 1%. It arises from the distal nephron, more specifically from the collecting duct. Its morphological features are extremely variable, making its diagnosis difficult. We report the case of a 62-year old patient admitted with a painless progressive left flank swelling. CT scan showed a huge mass occupying the upper portion of the left kidney. The patient underwent radical nephrectomy. Anatomopathological examination showed collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney. Patient's evolution was exceptionally favorable: no recurrence, no locoregional metastasis and no distant metastasis.

Detection of Human Herpes Virus 8 in Kaposi's sarcoma tissues at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.

Human herpes virus-8, a γ2-herpes virus, is the aetiological agent of Kaposi sarcoma. Recently, Kaposi's sarcoma cases have increased in Zambia. However, the diagnosis of this disease is based on morphological appearance of affected tissues using histological techniques, and the association with its causative agent, Human Herpes virus 8 is not sought. This means poor prognosis for affected patients since the causative agent is not targeted during diagnosis and KS lesions may be mistaken for other reactive and neoplastic vascular proliferations when only histological techniques are used. Therefore, this study was aimed at providing evidence of Human Herpes virus 8 infection in Kaposi's sarcoma tissues at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia.

Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the colon: about a case.

Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the colon is an exceptional tumor. Less than 150 cases have been reported in the literature up to the year 2014. In addition to its rarity, it is distinguished by its frequent association with other digestive neoplasias. We report the case of a 54-year old patient with primary SCC of the colon. In the light of this case study, we will discuss the anatomo-clinical and therapeutic features as well as the etiopathogenic assumptions of this unusual entity.

Primary cerebral gliosarcoma: about two cases and review of the literature.

Gliosarcoma is a very rare brain tumor accounting for 1.8 -8% of all glial tumors. It has been classified by the World Health Organization as a variant of glioblastoma. It is a tumor with double glial and sarcomatous component. Patient's clinical picture is polymorphic, imaging data are evocative, diagnosis is based on histology. Treatment is always surgical. Prognosis is closely linked to the quality of resection. We here report two clinical cases with the aim of assessing the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features of this rare entity.

Anterior Chamber Invasion in Retinoblastoma: Not an Indication for Adjuvant Chemotherapy.

In retinoblastoma, adjuvant chemotherapy after enucleation is given in eyes with histopathological high-risk features (HRFs) to reduced mortality. Anterior chamber seeds (AC seeds) on histopathological evaluation are a contentious finding. This study attempts to determine the effect of AC seeds on the survival rate.