A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

- Top 30 Publications

Immediate versus delayed postpartum insertion of contraceptive implant for contraception.

The spacing of pregnancies has a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. The progestin contraceptive implant, which is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception, has a well-established low failure rate that is compatible with tubal sterilization. The standard provision of contraceptive methods on the first postpartum visit may put some women at risk of unintended pregnancy, either due to loss to follow-up or having sexual intercourse prior to receiving contraception. Therefore, the immediate administration of contraception prior to discharge from the hospital that has high efficacy may improve contraceptive prevalence and prevent unintended pregnancy.

Spine registries generate patient benefit in the century of big data: Author response to: Big data analysis reveals the truth of lumbar fusion: gender differences.

Generalized Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers: New Theoretical Insights and Applications.

Recently, the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) has received intensive attention from a broad spectrum of areas. The generalized ADMM (GADMM) proposed by Eckstein and Bertsekas is an efficient and simple acceleration scheme of ADMM. In this paper, we take a deeper look at the linearized version of GADMM where one of its subproblems is approximated by a linearization strategy. This linearized version is particularly efficient for a number of applications arising from different areas. Theoretically, we show the worst-case ­Łĺ¬(1/k) convergence rate measured by the iteration complexity (k represents the iteration counter) in both the ergodic and a nonergodic senses for the linearized version of GADMM. Numerically, we demonstrate the efficiency of this linearized version of GADMM by some rather new and core applications in statistical learning. Code packages in Matlab for these applications are also developed.

Series: Utilization of Differential Equations and Methods for Solving Them in Medical Physics (4).

Partial differential equations are often used in the field of medical physics. In this (final) issue, the methods for solving the partial differential equations were introduced, which include separation of variables, integral transform (Fourier and Fourier-sine transforms), Green's function, and series expansion methods. Some examples were also introduced, in which the integral transform and Green's function methods were applied to solving Pennes' bioheat transfer equation and the Fourier series expansion method was applied to Navier-Stokes equation for analyzing the wall shear stress in blood vessels.Finally, the author hopes that this series will be helpful for people who engage in medical physics.

Applications of Machine Learning for Radiation Therapy.

Radiation therapy has been highly advanced as image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) by making advantage of image engineering technologies. Recently, novel frameworks based on image engineering technologies as well as machine learning technologies have been studied for sophisticating the radiation therapy. In this review paper, the author introduces several researches of applications of machine learning for radiation therapy. For examples, a method to determine the threshold values for standardized uptake value (SUV) for estimation of gross tumor volume (GTV) in positron emission tomography (PET) images, an approach to estimate the multileaf collimator (MLC) position errors between treatment plans and radiation delivery time, and prediction frameworks for esophageal stenosis and radiation pneumonitis risk after radiation therapy are described. Finally, the author introduces seven issues that one should consider when applying machine learning models to radiation therapy.

Unfractionated heparin versus low molecular weight heparins for avoiding heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in postoperative patients.

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse drug reaction presenting as a prothrombotic disorder related to antibody-mediated platelet activation. It is a paradoxical immune reaction resulting in thrombin generation in vivo, which leads to a hypercoagulable state and the potential to initiate venous or arterial thrombosis. A number of factors are thought to influence the incidence of HIT including the type and preparation of heparin (unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)) and the heparin-exposed patient population, with the postoperative patient population at higher risk.Although LMWH has largely replaced UFH as a front-line therapy, there is evidence supporting a lack of superiority of LMWH compared with UFH regarding prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism following surgery, and similar frequencies of bleeding have been described with LMWH and UFH. The decision as to which of these two preparations of heparin to use may thus be influenced by harmful effects such as HIT. We therefore sought to determine the relative impact of UFH and LMWH on HIT in postoperative patients receiving thromboembolism prophylaxis. This is an update of a review first published in 2012.

Medwave┬ĺs editorial history, policies and guidelines: 4. Author instructions and journal guidelines.

This article is the last of a series of four editorials that report on Medwave┬ĺs policies, including section policies, formal requisites according to article type, and guidelines for reviewers and authors, with special emphasis on publication and research ethics. The journal believes that it is important to publish its policies in the format of editorials in order to facilitate and ensure dissemination to our broader readership. This editorial focuses on author instructions and again touches upon publication ethics.

Characterization of Rph24: A Gene Conferring Adult Plant Resistance to Puccinia hordei in Barley.

We identified Rph24 as a locus in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) controlling adult plant resistance (APR) to leaf rust, caused by Puccinia hordei. The locus was previously reported as a quantitative trait locus in barley line ND24260-1 and named qRphND. We crossed ND24260-1 to the leaf-rust-susceptible standard Gus and determined inheritance patterns in the progeny. For the comparative marker frequency analysis (MFA), resistant and susceptible tails of the F2 were genotyped with Diversity Arrays Technology genotyping-by-sequencing (DArT-Seq) markers. The Rph24 locus was positioned at 55.5 centimorgans on chromosome 6H on the DArT-Seq consensus map. Evaluation of F2:3 families confirmed that a single locus from ND24260-1 conferred partial resistance. The haploblock strongly associated with the Rph24 locus was used to estimate the allele frequency in a collection of 282 international barley cultivars. Rph24 was frequently paired with APR locus Rph20 in cultivars displaying high levels of APR to leaf rust. The markers identified in this study for Rph24 should be useful for marker-assisted selection.

Characterization of Canna yellow mottle virus in a New Host, Alpinia purpurata, in Hawaii.

Canna yellow mottle virus (CaYMV) is an important badnavirus infecting Canna spp. worldwide. This is the first report of CaYMV in flowering ginger (Alpinia purpurata) in Hawaii, where it is associated with yellow mottling and necrosis of leaves, vein streaking, and stunted plants. We have sequenced CaYMV in A. purpurata (CaYMV-Ap) using a combination of next-generation sequencing and traditional Sanger sequencing techniques. The complete genome of CaYMV-Ap was 7,120 bp with an organization typical of other Badnavirus species. Our results indicated that CaYMV-Ap was present in the episomal form in infected flowering ginger. We determined that this virus disease is prevalent in Hawaii and could potentially have significant economic impact on the marketing of A. purpurata as cut flowers. There is a potential concern that the host range of CaYMV-Ap may expand to include other important tropical plants.

Kidney disease and obesity paradox.

The Long Term Outcome of the Management of the Posterior Capsule in Pseudophakic Children.

This is a long term study of the treatment of the posterior lens capsule in the management of bilateral cataract extraction and insertion of 42 intraocular lenses in 21 children. The purpose of the current study was to compare the long-term outcome of eyes treated by the two different methods of surgery of the posterior lens capsule in bilateral cataract and intraocular lens implantation in children. The author performed an independent ocular exam on the children selected from a consecutive series at 4 different institutions, followed for a minimum of 5 years. The eyes of children in Subgroup A (n=24), had surgery in which an intact capsule was left at the time of initial surgery. The eyes of patients in Subgroup B (n=18) received a primary central lens capsulectomy and limited anterior vitrectomy at the time of the initial surgery. The eyes of Subgroup A (mean age 7.7 years) were found to be in children older than those eyes in Subgroup B (mean age 3.9 years) (P=.001). The eyes in the two subgroups also differed in the necessity of a secondary YAG laser capsulectomy. Twenty one of the 24 eyes in Subgroup A had received a secondary YAG laser capsulectomy and no eyes of the patients in Subgroup B had required a secondary YAG laser capsulectomy at the time of the author's examination (P=.001). A central capsulectomy during the initial surgery was more likely to be chosen for surgery on eyes of younger children (P=.001).

Deep Brain Stimulation Target Selection in an Advanced Parkinson's Disease Patient with Significant Tremor and Comorbid Depression.

A 67-year-old female with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), medically refractory tremor, and a history of significant depression presented for evaluation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) candidacy.

Hypothyroidism in Pediatric Population - Bosnian and Herzegovinian Situation.

Thyroid gland diseases in children are in second place by frequency among all endocrine disorders. When interpreting the results of the thyroid function assessment it should be taken into account the significant differences in the concentrations of TSH, thyroid hormones, thyroid binding proteins and calcitonin among children of different ages.

BET 2: Striking the right balance: anticoagulation and isolated distal deep vein thrombosis.

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether treatment of isolated distal deep vein thrombosis with therapeutic anticoagulation can reduce adverse clinical outcomes. A meta-analysis from 2011 and 11 subsequent directly relevant papers were found using the reported search strategy. Of these, 7 in total presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that patients diagnosed with isolated distal deep vein thrombosis should be individually risk assessed and treated according to their risk of thrombotic complication, bleeding with anticoagulation and personal preference.

BET 1: A glass half full? Thrombolysis for the treatment of submassive pulmonary embolism.

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether thrombolysis in addition to therapeutic anticoagulation could be of benefit in submassive (intermediate risk) pulmonary embolism (PE). 64 directly relevant papers were found using the reported search strategy. Of these, three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that there is insufficient evidence to support the routine use of adjuvant thrombolytic therapy at any dose for patients with submassive PE. Carefully selected patients with a low bleeding risk who attribute high importance to functional outcome may stand to benefit.

Putting a value on injuries to natural assets: The BP oil spill.

Vascular adhesion protein-1 is elevated in primary sclerosing cholangitis, is predictive of clinical outcome and facilitates recruitment of gut-tropic lymphocytes to liver in a substrate-dependent manner.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is the classical hepatobiliary manifestation of IBD. This clinical association is linked pathologically to the recruitment of mucosal T cells to the liver, via vascular adhesion protein (VAP)-1-dependent enzyme activity. Our aim was to examine the expression, function and enzymatic activation of the ectoenzyme VAP-1 in patients with PSC.

Complement and clot.

I am SAMD9L: 7q regulator I am.

Anti-CD20-IL-21 fusokine: the tail wags the dog.

Bibliometric analysis of scientific articles on epidemiological study of burns in China.

Objective: To analyze the current status of epidemiological study of burns in China, and to explore the related strategies. Methods: Retrospective or cross-sectional scientific articles in Chinese or English on epidemiological study of burns in China published from January 2005 to December 2015 were systemically retrieved from 4 databases. The databases include PubMed, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc, and Chinese Journals Full-text Database. From the results retrieved, data with regard to publication year, journal distribution, number of institutions participated in the study, affiliation of the first author and its location, and admission time span and age of patients in all the scientific articles were collected. Furthermore, the definition of age range and the grouping method of age of pediatric patients in English articles on epidemiological study of pediatric burns of China were recorded. Data were processed with descriptive statistical analysis. Results: A total of 256 scientific articles conforming to the study criteria were retrieved, among which 214 (83.59%) articles were in Chinese, and 42 (16.41%) articles were in English; 242 (94.53%) articles were retrospective studies, and 14 (5.47%) articles were cross-sectional studies. During the 11 years, the number of the relevant articles was fluctuant on the whole. The scientific articles were published in 130 journals, with 42 English articles in source journals for SCIENCE CITATION INDEX EXPANDED-JOURNAL LIST, accounting for 16.41%, and 116 Chinese articles in Source Journal for Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers, accounting for 45.31%. Totally 215 (83.98%) articles were single-center studies, and 29 (11.33%) articles were multicenter studies which were conducted by three or more centers. The number of affiliations of the first author of articles was 161 in total. The top 10 institutions regarding the article publishing number published 58 articles, accounting for 22.66%. Scientific articles on epidemiological study of burns were retrieved with location of affiliation of the first author in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government in Mainland China, and also in Taiwan Province and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, among which Shanghai ranked first with 24 (9.38%) articles published. The admission time span of patients in the articles ranged from 3 months to 47 years, with 120 (46.87%) articles from 3 months to 5 years, 79 (30.86%) articles from 6 to 10 years, and 57 (22.27%) articles more than 10 years, respectively. Regarding the age of patients in the study, 123 articles were on epidemiological study of pediatric burns, and 16 articles on epidemiological study of elderly burns, accounting for 48.05% and 6.25%, respectively. Further analysis of articles on epidemiological study of pediatric burns in English showed that there was no standard definition of age range or unified grouping method of age for pediatric burn patients. Conclusions: The epidemiological study of burns in China has been carried out nationwide, but the number of institutions conducted relevant study is not that much, and multicenter epidemiological studies remain scanty. The quality of the articles needs to be further improved. The epidemiological study of elderly burns is relatively deficient and calls for more attention. The epidemiological study of burns in China lacks regularity or continuity in time scope. There is an urgent need for the guideline on classification method for items of epidemiological study of burns in China so as to standardize the related research.

A Life Well Lived: A Tribute to Dr Kathleen T. Heinrich.

Creative Strategies for Teaching Millennial Nursing Students.

Enhancing Cross-Curricular Connectedness and Collaboration From Associate Degree to Clinical Doctorate.

Showing and Telling! Screencasts for Enhanced Feedback on Student Writing.

The Preliminary Effects of Massage and Inhalation Aromatherapy on Chemotherapy-Induced Acute Nausea and Vomiting: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.

Despite pharmacological treatment, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are observed in patients.

Transfer Between Hospitals Is a Risk Situation for Patients After Lung Cancer Surgery.

Patients with lung cancer often undergo surgery shortly after diagnosis. Despite undergoing extensive operation, many patients are transferred to a local hospital a few days after surgery. Transitions between different levels of care are risky due to common medication and follow-up errors.

Family Functioning Predicts End-of-Life Care Quality in Patients With Cancer: Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study.

Treating patients with cancer within a family setting is the accepted standard of care and a hallmark of end-of-life (EoL) quality of care (QoC).

The Effect of Cancer Patients' and Their Family Caregivers' Physical and Emotional Symptoms on Caregiver Burden.

Although there is significant evidence that the family caregivers (FCs) of cancer patients can experience significant caregiver burden and symptoms, less is known about the relationships between FCs and patient characteristics that influence caregiver burden.

Five Phases of Recovery and Rehabilitation After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Qualitative Study.

For patients with a hematological malignancy, allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is a treatment modality that may cause a wide range of problems. Little is known about the process of recovery and rehabilitation and the problems that alloSCT patients are confronted with during the first-year posttransplant.