A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

- Top 30 Publications

Evidence of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for the management of dental fear in paediatric dentistry: a systematic review protocol.

Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents.

Author Response: Do High mtDNA Copy Numbers Truly Prevent LHON Manifestations?

The Doctrine of Deliberate Indifference: Reed vs. Krajca.

Facts of the Reed v. Krajca case are presented in which plaintiffs filed a lawsuit for civil damages under the doctrine of deliberate indifference and defendant, Nurse Krajca, invoked qualified immunity in a motion for summary judgment. The Court of Appeal's decision and the dissenting opinion on the issue of deliberate indifference are discussed. This case report provides a concrete example of how the doctrine of deliberate indifference was interpreted by the Court of Appeal and becomes a springboard for analysis and discussion for nurses to guide their practice.

The Experience of Litigation From the Perspective of Midwives in Iran.

Errors and notices to appear in court are a reality of life for many midwives and exert significant effects on both their professional and personal lives. Given the increasing population policies in place, this study was conducted to examine midwives' experiences of litigation in Iran.

Self-Care Management in Corrections: Perspectives From Persons With an Incarceration Experience.

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and beliefs of what self-care management looks like for a person with an incarceration experience. This is the first phase of a two-phase study. This qualitative study, held in three county jails in Massachusetts, utilized a focus group methodology. The Rediscovery of Self-Care: A Care Intervention for Persons with Incarceration Experience (RSC) model served as the framework for this study. On the basis of a priori constructs from the RSC model, a protocol was established and targeted questions outlined. The results from these focus groups support the constructs of the RSC model. Participants in all focus group interviews reported that self-care was very important and defined self-care, most of the time, in terms of meeting physical needs such as exercising and eating healthy and, more importantly, self-identified mental health and substance use needs such as individual or group counseling. In conclusion, open-ended questions used to identify all instances of potential categories of self-care management supported the central concepts of the RSC model and will inform treatment interventions and modification of an existing self-care management instrument or provide the foundation for the development of a new instrument.

The Individual Experience of Aging Patients and the Current Service Provision in the Context of Italian Forensic Psychiatry: A Case Study.

After the recent development of residential units for the execution of security measures managed by the National Health Service and the closing down of forensic psychiatric hospitals, no study has been conducted to investigate the individual experience of aging patients and to assess whether the new service is adequately meeting their needs. We aimed to explore the experience of the service of a sample of patients aged 50 years and above living in one of the Italian residential units for the execution of security measures.

Sexual Violence Among College Students: An Examination of Individual and Institutional Level Factors Associated With Perpetration.

Sexual violence incidents involving college students have received media attention and increased awareness of this public health problem in the United States; prevention efforts are needed that target potential perpetrators. We examined characteristics of self-reported perpetrators of sexual violence on campuses.

Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the International Association of Forensic Nurses.

Theory-Driven Integrative Process/Outcome Evaluation of a Concept-Based Nursing Curriculum.

The study aim was to evaluate the effects of concept-based learning by comparing ATI Nursing Education test scores for a traditional curriculum and a concept-based curriculum. The study also examined effects of the concept-based curriculum on critical thinking and motivation. No statistically significant differences were noted in ATI scores for the two groups; students neither agreed nor disagreed that they were engaged in critical thinking but did agree with motivation statements. Faculty were surveyed about their approach to teaching.

College Women's Responses to a Celebrity Health Disclosure.

Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions. Participants were 198 female undergraduate college students. Data were collected anonymously via an online questionnaire and analyzed using bivariate correlations and hierarchical linear regression analyses. Neither exposure to Angelina and her disclosure nor PSI with Angelina Jolie was related to participants' attitudes or behaviors related to breast cancer. However, having a family history of cancer was associated with more exposure to Angelina Jolie and her disclosure. Findings suggest that exposure to and PSI with a celebrity who has disclosed a health-related message may not be sufficient to motivate young women to change their health-related attitudes and behaviors. Future studies should explore how celebrities disclosing different types of health issues might influence the attitudes and behaviors of young women.

The potential of signal peptide peptidase as a therapeutic target for hepatitis C.

Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes liver steatosis, cirrhosis, metabolic syndrome with inflammation, and eventually leads to hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV core protein is a well-known capsid protein and pathogenic factor related to lipid accumulation, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and carcinogenesis. Cleavage of the C-terminal transmembrane region by signal peptide peptidase (SPP) is required for maturation of the core protein. Areas covered: Herein, this review details the general aspects of the structure, lifecycle, pathogenesis, and maturation of the HCV core protein, the function of SPP, and clinically available direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). SPP is classified into a group of GXGD-type intramembrane proteases including presenilin-1, which is a component of γ-secretase complex. Several SPP inhibitors were previously identified from γ-secretase inhibitors, but have not yet been improved based on specificity to SPP. Finally, the author discusses the potential of SPP inhibitors for hepatitis C therapy. Expert Opinion: Currently available DAAs therapies are limited because of different viral genotypes and underlying conditions in each patient. DAA-resistant viruses have also been reported. Development of SPP-selective inhibitors may improve current HCV therapies by decreasing in the emergence of DAA-resistant viruses irrespective of viral genotype.

Anesthetic Agents of Plant Origin: A Review of Phytochemicals with Anesthetic Activity.

The majority of currently used anesthetic agents are derived from or associated with natural products, especially plants, as evidenced by cocaine that was isolated from coca (Erythroxylum coca, Erythroxylaceae) and became a prototype of modern local anesthetics and by thymol and eugenol contained in thyme (Thymus vulgaris, Lamiaceae) and clove (Syzygium aromaticum, Myrtaceae), respectively, both of which are structurally and mechanistically similar to intravenous phenolic anesthetics. This paper reviews different classes of phytochemicals with the anesthetic activity and their characteristic molecular structures that could be lead compounds for anesthetics and anesthesia-related drugs. Phytochemicals in research papers published between 1996 and 2016 were retrieved from the point of view of well-known modes of anesthetic action, that is, the mechanistic interactions with Na⁺ channels, γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors and lipid membranes. The searched phytochemicals include terpenoids, alkaloids and flavonoids because they have been frequently reported to possess local anesthetic, general anesthetic, antinociceptive, analgesic or sedative property. Clinical applicability of phytochemicals to local and general anesthesia is discussed by referring to animal in vivo experiments and human pre-clinical trials. This review will give structural suggestions for novel anesthetic agents of plant origin.

Are Astrocytes the Predominant Cell Type for Activation of Nrf2 in Aging and Neurodegeneration?

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that regulates hundreds of antioxidant genes, and is activated in response to oxidative stress. Given that many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease and multiple sclerosis are characterised by oxidative stress, Nrf2 is commonly activated in these diseases. Evidence demonstrates that Nrf2 activity is repressed in neurons in vitro, and only cultured astrocytes respond strongly to Nrf2 inducers, leading to the interpretation that Nrf2 signalling is largely restricted to astrocytes. However, Nrf2 activity can be observed in neurons in post-mortem brain tissue and animal models of disease. Thus this interpretation may be false, and a detailed analysis of the cell type expression of Nrf2 in neurodegenerative diseases is required. This review describes the evidence for Nrf2 activation in each cell type in prominent neurodegenerative diseases and normal aging in human brain and animal models of neurodegeneration, the response to pharmacological and genetic modulation of Nrf2, and clinical trials involving Nrf2-modifying drugs.

Innately interesting interactions.

Accept the complement (blockade).

Splicing together the origins of MDS-RS.

Inherited thrombocytopenia and Occam's razor.

Author response-sham surgery versus labral repair or biceps tenodesis for type II SLAP lesions of the shoulder: a three-armed randomised clinical trial.

Designing and implementing a physiology course for a new doctoral occupational therapy program with student feedback.

Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students. A number of anonymous assessment tools were used to evaluate students' perceptions regarding the effectiveness of various pedagogies used in the course in enhancing their learning. A summative course assessment survey with comments was used at the end of the course. This paper describes the model of course design and the student feedback, which generated some suggestions for improvement of the course. This approach in designing a new course for a new disciplinary group of students should be helpful to other faculty involved in developing courses for health career programs populated by students with variable physiology backgrounds and different educational needs. The final relevant feedback from the course would be to have the students evaluate the usefulness of the course to their future careers immediately following their certification examinations in a year or two and during their subsequent clinical experiences; however, that information will likely be more difficult to obtain.

Study of Direct-Contact HfO₂/Si Interfaces.

Controlling monolayer Si oxide at the HfO₂/Si interface is a challenging issue in scaling the equivalent oxide thickness of HfO₂/Si gate stack structures. A concept that the author proposes to control the Si oxide interface by using ultra-high vacuum electron-beam HfO₂ deposition is described in this review paper, which enables the so-called direct-contact HfO₂/Si structures to be prepared. The electrical characteristics of the HfO₂/Si metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors are reviewed, which suggest a sufficiently low interface state density for the operation of metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors (MOSFETs) but reveal the formation of an unexpected strong interface dipole. Kelvin probe measurements of the HfO₂/Si structures provide obvious evidence for the formation of dipoles at the HfO₂/Si interfaces. The author proposes that one-monolayer Si-O bonds at the HfO₂/Si interface naturally lead to a large potential difference, mainly due to the large dielectric constant of the HfO₂. Dipole scattering is demonstrated to not be a major concern in the channel mobility of MOSFETs.

Supporting Doctoral Students and Faculty: The Development of an Annual Doctoral Symposium.

The aim of the study was to develop a sustainable annual symposium to support doctoral students in nursing across the state of Georgia.

Bringing the International Council of Nurses to Our Nursing Programs.

Comparison of Instructional Methods for Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Substance Use in Nursing Education.

Most nursing programs lack curriculum on substance use. This project evaluated 3 didactic instructional methods for teaching baccalaureate nursing students about screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use. In-person, asynchronous narrated slides and interactive online instructional methods were all effective in developing students' competency; however, active learning methods (in-person and interactive online course) were more effective in changing students' attitudes about their role in screening and intervening for drug use.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

More Than 1 Million Potential Second Victims: How Many Could Nursing Education Prevent?

Any error made in health care can cause the health care provider to become a second victim. There are many initiatives, tools, and instruments designed to support second victims after an error has been made. The role that nursing education can play in preventing nurses from becoming second victims has not been well explored. This article presents a study designed to investigate perceptions of recent BSN graduates about preparation for medication administration, medication error, and their personal experience with error making and second victimhood.

Transitioning to the DNP: Ensuring Integrity of the Curriculum Through Curriculum Mapping.

Gamification of Nursing Education With Digital Badges.

Digital badges (DBs) serve as an innovative approach to gamifying nursing education by engaging socially connected, technologically savvy nursing students in learning. Because assessment and credentialing mechanisms are housed and managed online, DBs are designed as visible indicators of accomplishment and skill. This article describes important considerations for faculty when incorporating game-based pedagogies such as DB into nursing education and identifies potential pitfalls with DB use that faculty should consider.

Replacing Smartphones With Mini Tablet Technology: An Evaluation.

Handheld technology allows students to access point-of-care resources throughout the clinical experience. To assess the viability of replacing student smartphones with tablets, an evaluation project was undertaken. Overall, students were equally dissatisfied with the 2 types of tablets that were evaluated. Students saw the potential usefulness of tablets to manage clinical assignments, interact with the learning management system, and communicate with faculty, but not for retrieving information currently accessible on their phones.

Evaluation of Clinical Judgment in Prelicensure Nursing Students.

Clinical judgment is an essential end-of-program outcome for prelicensure nursing students. Evaluating progression of clinical judgment when students participate in simulated patient experiences is essential in ensuring that end-of-program and course outcomes are achieved. The purpose of this study was to identify if progression in clinical judgment is evident after students participate in 4 simulated patient experiences as measured by the Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric.

Scaffolding Interprofessional Education: Unfolding Case Studies, Virtual World Simulations, and Patient-Centered Care.

Fragmentation of health care negatively impacts quality; one of the contributing factors may be ineffective collaboration among health care professionals. This article describes the implementation of an interprofessional education curriculum for graduate students enrolled in nursing, psychology, and speech-language pathology programs. Over 3 semesters, students engaged in interprofessional collaboration modules, unfolding case studies, virtual simulation, and shared case planning experiences. The curriculum's impact on students' attitudes and values toward interprofessional collaborative practice was measured.

Current State of Test Development, Administration, and Analysis: A Study of Faculty Practices.

Developing valid and reliable test items is a critical skill for nursing faculty. This research analyzed the test item writing practice of 674 nursing faculty. Relationships between faculty characteristics and their test item writing practices were analyzed. Findings reveal variability in practice and a gap in implementation of evidence-based standards when developing and evaluating teacher-made examinations.